Orofacial Myofunctional Disorders (OMDs) are disorders of the muscles and functions of the face and mouth.
Orofacial Myofunctional Disorders (OMDs) are disorders of the muscles and functions of the face and mouth typically characterized by abnormal lip, jaw, and/or tongue position during rest, swallowing, or speech. OMDs can be founf in children, adolescents, and adults. They can result from learned behaviors, physical or structural differences, genetic factors, and/or environmental factors.
Lack of nasal breathing is the most commonly noted etiology. However, OMDs can result from a variety of different factors alone or in combination of one another. The following are possible causes:
An integrated team approach is optimal in treating OMDs. Collaboration with the following professionals is key to successful treatment.
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